MIT: Forecasting the Outlook of Worldwide Water Stress

Written by  //  November 12, 2014  //  Home Structure  //  Comments Off on MIT: Forecasting the Outlook of Worldwide Water Stress

According to a recent research conducted by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), by the year 2050, it is estimated that more than half of the globe’s population will be living in areas that are water stressed and over 1 billion of the population will have no means to access adequate water resources. With the help of a new modelling tool, researchers at MIT have now been able to calculate the ability of worldwide water resources to meet the demands of water requirements through 2050.

Some of the factors that have caused global communities across the world to concentrate on the future of water accessibility are rapid population expansion and increasing pressures on worldwide water resources. In addition, the varying climate change across the globe will further worsen the situation in these water stressed areas.

The research further states that over 55% of the world’s projected 10 billion people, which is approximately over 5,000,000,000 people will be living in water stressed areas by 2050. Currently, a large section of these areas are already under a great deal of water stress, namely India, North Africa and the Middle East.

As research continues further, a more complex scenario of future water resources is emerging, given the socio-economic picture and climate change in the near future. For instance, in India, MIT researchers are expecting that there will be substantial enhancements in precipitation that will further contribute to better and increased water supplies. However, given the population growth and its projected rise in the near future as well as the country’s future economic development, water demands in India are likely to outrun the surface water supply.

In order to brace for the future and come up with effective solutions to meet the projected scenario, there is a great need for thorough analysis such as the one undertaken by the MIT research, which takes a universal approach of analyzing the impact of socio-economic and climactic radiations and their outcomes on both demand and supply projections.

It is believed that the MIT team will further continue to move on this research by concentrating on particular areas and organizing further detailed examinations of future changes in worldwide climate and its impact on water systems in specific areas. In addition, the researchers also intend to further add refinements to the model and fine-tune the research as they move on to other regions of the world that need attention.

The specific modelling tool developed and employed by the MIT team is known as the MIT Integrated Global System Model Water Resource System (IGSM-WRS). This tool was formulated by the research team to discover the findings from the study.

The tool possesses the means of evaluating and measuring both the changes in socio-economic factors and climate in targeted areas, thus allowing the researchers to sequestrate these two influencers. In analyzing the socio-economic changes, the modelling tool detected population and economic growth as being responsible for most of the increased water stress. The changes concluded by the modelling tool revealed that with the variations in climate and social economic factors, an additional 2 billion people will further be living within the water stressed regions adding even more stress in these areas.

By introducing advanced and cutting edge research tools in forecasting the future, communities and nations can develop solutions to meet the projected demands before the crisis reaches a crescendo.

Carol is a passionate blogger on home Improvement subjects, she is currently writing for Biocell septic tanks & sewage treatment systems, an Irish company, manufactures and installs septic tanks and other sewage treatment products across Ireland.

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